The existence of traditional arts and crafts like woodcarving, pottery production, woolen carpets, table or bed linens weaving is closely connected to the survival of the fading rural communities that spontaneously generate them.
Although they differ from one region to another, bright colours and intricate designs are the distinguishing features of Romania’s handicrafts.
Woodcarving is prominent throughout the Carpathian Mountains, and especially in the province of Maramures, home to the so-called “wood civilization”. The woollen carpets and rugs, woven on vertical looms and hand-dyed using natural colours are often seen on the walls of Romanian homes. Egg decoration is done with wax and natural dyes and has always been an integral part of the spring Easter festival of renewal. About 30 pottery centres are working throughout Romania, each with its own distinctive style. The icons painted on glass reveal the beautiful, imaginative, naïve art of the numerous popular painters. Ceremonial masks are still very much in use in ancient pagan originated festivals, uncovering a long-forgotten world of myths and mysteries.
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